Paul Gustave Louis Christophe Doré was born in 1832 and died in 1883. He is best known for his engraved illustrations of classics by Cervantes, Milton, Dante, Balzac, Poe and Rabelais, and even more famously, the Bible. He also illustrated several books of fairy tales. He was a wood engraver, which is an extremely demanding medium, especially when being used for something as detailed as Doré’s art, as every line must be cut into a very hard wood, such as Boxwood, and in the reverse of what the final image is to be. The block is then inked and transferred, under pressure, to paper .
In addition to his engraving, he was an accomplished painter, as these examples demonstrate.